Chemistry and Technology of Explosives: 3-Volume Set by Tadeusz Urbanski

By Tadeusz Urbanski

Show description

Read or Download Chemistry and Technology of Explosives: 3-Volume Set PDF

Similar light books

Extreme Photonics & Applications (NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics)

"Extreme Photonics & purposes" arises from the 2008 NATO complicated examine Institute in Laser keep an eye on & tracking in New fabrics, Biomedicine, surroundings, safeguard and protection. top specialists within the manipulation of sunshine provided via contemporary advances in laser physics and nanoscience have been invited to offer lectures of their fields of craftsmanship and perform discussions on present study, purposes and new instructions.

Light Scattering in Solids VI: Recent Results, Including High-Tc Superconductivity

This is often the 6th quantity of a well-established and well known sequence within which specialist practitioners talk about topical features of sunshine scattering in solids. This quantity discusses fresh result of Raman spectroscopy of excessive Tc superconductors, natural polymers, infrequent earth compounds, semimagnetic superconductors, and silver halides, in addition to advancements within the swiftly starting to be box of time-resolved Raman spectroscopy.

Shedding light on indoor tanning

Because the industrialization and urbanization of the Western group, tanned pores and skin has been perceived more and more as appealing and stylish for obviously light-skinned participants. besides the fact that, as well as inflicting tanning, photo-aging, and different well-being results, ultraviolet radiation (UV) is a well known carcinogen.

Extra resources for Chemistry and Technology of Explosives: 3-Volume Set

Example text

Also Brennecke and Kobe [117] drew attention to the experiments of McKinley and White [118] who found that the acids for mononitration lie outside the nitronium ion envelope. All this created doubt as to whether the nitronium ion mechanism can be applied to all cases. As will be pointed out later, it seems that the mechanism of the nitration reaction is more complicated and may proceed under the influence of nitrating agents other than the NO2+ ion. According to Titov in his early work of 1941, nitration with nitric acid of moderate concentration (60-80% HNO3) occurs through the action of NO2 (or N2O4) and nitric acid plays only the role of a source of NO2.

Fredenhagen [121] developed a method sometimes referred to as “Fredenhagen nitration” [122]. g. potassium nitrate in anhydrous or highly concentrated hydrogen fluoride. Metal nitrates in the presence of Friedel-Crafts catalysts Apart from the investigations on nitration with the nitrates of some metals in the presence of sulphuric or nitric acid Topchiyev [115] has carried out extensive studies on nitration with metal nitrates in the presence of AlCl3, FeCl3, SiCl4, and BF3. He showed that all the nitrates had nitrating properties, and he ordered the nitrates he studied according to their increasing nitration activity in the presence of AlCl3: NITRATION AND NITRATING AGENTS 47 Ba

Ingold, Hughes and Reed [39] studied the kinetics of nitration of aromatic compounds with nitric acid only and found that it was a first order reaction. Its rate, VN, may be expressed by an approximate equation: V N = k 1 [ArH] at [HNO3] = const. g. nitration of dinitro- to trinitro compounds, or nitro derivatives of naphthalene, which are sparingly soluble in a nitrating mixture, nitration takes place in a two-phase system: acid-organic compound, the acid phase being a saturated solution of the organic compound.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.61 of 5 – based on 33 votes