By Steven P. McGiffen
Frankenfoods, fashion designer infants, Dolly the Sheep and Raelian fantasists: few matters generate as a lot controversy and incorrect information as biotechnology. This e-book takes the reader at the back of the headlines to ascertain the hot legislation on genetic-based applied sciences, who’s making them, and why. Steven P. McGiffen bargains a lucid research of the true implications of biotechnology laws within the US and the ecu, and contrasts it with techniques to agricultural and scientific biotech within the remainder of the realm. He argues that the ecu and the United States are removal decision-making strength from the folk and their elected representatives. Biotechnology rules is a neighborhood manifestation of a world strategy of shifting energy: from the folk to agencies, from negative international locations to wealthy ones, from the general public to the private.He indicates that biotechnology calls for powerful and democratic foreign decision-making tactics -- and that we're very faraway from reaching them. excellent for the overall reader, this can be an necessary advisor for activists and an individual who desires to comprehend extra approximately easy methods to regulate biotech law and the way to withstand handing keep an eye on of our destiny to organizations.
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Additional resources for Biotechnology: Corporate Power versus the Public Interest
The patent, on a gene known as BRCA-1 gave them the exclusive right to screen for it and perform the necessary treatment. 118 These hearings would lead, eventually, to the overturning of the patent. Despite this, the controversy demonstrates that the exemption for ‘non-commercial experimental or research use’, which forbids patent holders to charge for such use, a sop to the opposition much trumpeted by industry lobbyists,119 is of limited value, as it does not apply to non-profit use in general.
118 These hearings would lead, eventually, to the overturning of the patent. Despite this, the controversy demonstrates that the exemption for ‘non-commercial experimental or research use’, which forbids patent holders to charge for such use, a sop to the opposition much trumpeted by industry lobbyists,119 is of limited value, as it does not apply to non-profit use in general. Running tests on a non-profit basis probably seems a laughably altruistic activity to the folks at Myriad, who would no doubt be puzzled by the principles on which socialised health care is founded.
121 Although the form of breast cancer involved constitutes only a small minority of total cases, in absolute terms this adds up to a lot of women. 122 Currently, any competent laboratory can screen for mutations on BRCA-1. The patent would have meant that only Myriad’s own laboratories can do so. The initial test, which looks for four mutations, costs $40. However, further tests which, depending on these first results, may be needed, can cost as much as $9,000. The same tests could be carried out in Europe for less than a third of this.