Biologically inspired textiles by A Abbott, M Ellison

By A Abbott, M Ellison

Written by way of a distinct staff of overseas authors, Biologically-Inspired Ttextiles explores the present cutting-edge during this examine enviornment and examines how biomimetics are more and more utilized to new cloth applied sciences. It discusses the foundations, creation and houses of biomimetics. Chapters contain recombinant DNA applied sciences and their program for protein construction, spinning of fibres from protein strategies and structure/function relationships in spider silk. construction in this beginning, the booklet then offers a evaluate of the appliance of biomimetics to a number of fabric purposes, together with the layout of garments and self cleansing textiles.

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Biologically inspired textiles

Written via a exotic staff of foreign authors, Biologically-Inspired Ttextiles explores the present cutting-edge during this examine enviornment and examines how biomimetics are more and more utilized to new fabric applied sciences. It discusses the rules, construction and homes of biomimetics.

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Cunniff PM, Fossey SA, Auerbach A, Song JW, Kaplan D, Adams W, Eby D, and Vezie D (1994), ‘Mechanical and thermal properties of dragline silk from Nephila clavipes’, Polym Adv Technol, 5, 401–410. Daniell H (2002), ‘Molecular strategies for gene containment in transgenic crops’, Nat Biotechnol, 20, 581–586. Denny MW (1976), ‘The physical properties of spider silks and their role in the design of orb webs’, J Exp Biology, 65, 483–505. Denny MW (1980), ‘Silks—their properties and functions’ in ‘The mechanical properties of biological materials’, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 247–272.

Addition of the lactose analogue IPTG (isopropyl-β-D-thiogalactopyranoside) to the culture media causes release of the © 2008, Woodhead Publishing Limited 16 Biologically inspired textiles repressor and thus transcription of the gene and protein production. , 1987; Hochuli, 1988; Hochuli, 1990). However, E. coli cells have been reported to have difficulties handling repetitive DNA sequences (recombination and deletion). , 1998). The E. coli system was also depicted as limited because of the observed premature termination errors of protein synthesis when attempting to produce proteins containing more than 1000 amino acids (Fahnestock and Irwin, 1997).

Ouroudjev E, Soares J, Arcidiacono S, Thompson JB, Fossey SA, and Hansma HG (2002), ‘Segmented nanofibers of spider dragline silk: atomic force microscopy and singlemolecule force microscopy’, Proc Natl Acad Sci, 99(Supplement 2), 6460–6465. Parkhe AD, Seeley SK, Gardner K, Thompson L, and Lewis RV (1997), ‘Structural studies of spider silk proteins in the fiber’, J Mol Recog, 10, 1–6. Perez-Rigueiro J, Viney C, Llorca J, Elices M (2000), ‘Mechanical properties of single-brin silkworm silk’, J Appl Polym Sci, 75(10), 1270–1277.

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