By Marc-André Lachance (auth.), Dr. Gábor Péter, Professor Carlos Rosa (eds.)
In the previous couple of a long time an increasing number of yeast habitats that weren't investigated previous, spanning chilly climates to tropical areas and dry deserts to rainforests, were explored. hence, a wide physique of ecological facts has been collected and the variety of recognized yeast species has elevated swiftly. This publication presents an summary of the biodiversity of yeasts in several habitats. the new advances completed via the applying of molecular organic tools within the box of yeast taxonomy and ecology also are included within the e-book. anywhere attainable, the interplay among yeasts and the encompassing surroundings is discussed.
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Extra resources for Biodiversity and Ecophysiology of Yeasts
2000a) and more than 900 in 2004 (Robert et al. 2004), it has become almost impossible to reanalyze all these species and their related strains, thus stressing the value of maintaining strain-related data. Recently, a trend emerged to isolate more strains from the environment and to explore new niches (see the annual and cumulative deposit at the Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures,CBS, CC in Fig. 1). There are three good reasons for this. The first one is that new methods such as DNA sequencing are now relatively cheap, easy, reliable and, thanks to the pioneering work of some yeast taxonomists, complete databases are available for identification.
J Gen Appl Microbiol 13:167–196 Belloch C, Querol A, Garcia MD, Barrio E (2000) Phylogeny of the genus Kluyveromyces inferred from the mitochondrial cytochrome-c oxidase II gene. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 50:405–416 Boekhout T, Fonseca A, Batenburg-van der Vegte WH (1991) Bulleromyces genus novum (Tremellales), a teleomorph for Bullera alba, and the occurrence of mating in Bullera variabilis. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 59:81–93 Bonner TI, Brenner DJ, Neufeld BR, Britten RJ (1973) Reduction in the rate of DNA reassociation by sequence divergence.
The complete analysis of the S. pombe genome came out in 2002 (Wood et al. 2002). The determination of the complete nucleotide sequence of several sensu stricto and sensu lato Saccharomyces was undertaken with particular interest focused on intergenic regions. Since these regions diverge much faster than coding sequences, the 4 • Genomics and Biodiversity in Yeasts detection of conserved features in such regions required a comparative study of closely related yeasts (Cliften et al. 2003; Kellis et al.