By R. M. Goody, Y. L. Yung
A whole revision of Goody's vintage 1964 paintings, this quantity bargains a scientific dialogue of atmospheric radiation methods that at the present time are on the heart of globally research and obstacle. It offers with the ways that incident sun radiation is remodeled into scattered and thermal radiation, and the thermodynamic outcomes for the Earth's gaseous envelope, choosing points of the interplay among radiation and atmospheric motions because the primary subject matter for atmospheric radiation reviews. As an entire remedy of actual and mathematical foundations, the textual content assumes no past wisdom of atmospheric physics. The theoretical dialogue is systematic, and will for that reason be utilized with minor extension to any planetary surroundings.
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Extra info for Atmospheric Radiation: Theoretical Basis
The general solution The optical path along a ray trajectory from point 1 to point 2 in the direction s is Note that we have defined f to be positive definite. Consider the path of integration shown in Fig. 5. The equation of transfer at P' is 44 FIG. 5. ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION Path of integration. The sign of the left-hand side depends upon the sign of drv/ds and upon the choice of P as the origin for fv. 86) can be evaluated if the source function between P and P" is known, and also the incident intensity at P".
It often happens, however, that before the matter can reemit, molecular collisions occur, during which nonradiating transitions (deactivation) can take place. The energy then ends up in other forms of internal energy. In the case of complete thermodynamic equilibrium the energy is shared equally among all the accessible degrees of freedom. Where energy is transferred to kinetic energy, the process is called absorption; the reverse process will be called thermal emission. Thermal emission and scattering are not mutually exclusive, and frequently occur simultaneously.
The equation of transfer at P' is 44 FIG. 5. ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION Path of integration. The sign of the left-hand side depends upon the sign of drv/ds and upon the choice of P as the origin for fv. 86) can be evaluated if the source function between P and P" is known, and also the incident intensity at P". Atmospheric problems are frequently posed in such a form, and this solution is widely used. It states that the intensity at P is made up of the intensity imposed at P", attenuated according to Lambert's law, together with contributions from each intervening, radiating element, attenuated by the appropriate optical path.