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Extra info for Assessment of the U.S. Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Studies Program : Vol. 2: Ecology.
However, some species can adapt rapidly to predictable human activities, so the effects of disturbance are not necessarily uniformly adverse or proportional to intensity (Schreiber and Schreiber, 1980). Assessment of the potential effects of noise and disturbance must be carried out case by case, and results of short-term studies are not necessarily predictive of long-term effects. Other Potential Effects Other potential effects of OCS activities on birds, mammals, and endangered species include degradation of salt marshes by construction of pipelines and disposal areas, changes in tidal currents resulting from construction of islands and causeways, and secondary effects of residential development.
Toxic Effects of Ingested Oil and Other Physiological Effects Although lightly oiled birds and mammals might not succumb to the direct effects of external oiling, they could be affected by oil ingested during feeding, preening, or grooming, or absorbed through the skin or by inhaling toxic vapors (Geraci and St. , 1986). Several studies have shown that birds that ingest crude oil can develop persistent hemolytic anemia, which would compromise their survival in the wild (Fry, 1987). , 1986). The significance of those and other toxic effects is likely to depend on the degree of oiling, characteristics of the species, and characteristics of the oil.
The Ecology Panel recognizes that the ESP is not intended to be a broad, general science program like that of the National Science Foundation. Rather, it is a mission-oriented program, designed to answer questions about the environmental and socioeconomic effects of oil About this PDF file: This new digital representation of the original work has been recomposed from XML files created from the original paper book, not from the original typesetting files. Page breaks are true to the original; line lengths, word breaks, heading styles, and other typesetting-specific formatting, however, cannot be retained, and some typographic errors may have been accidentally inserted.