By Michel Leclerq
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L’obbiettivo di questo libro ? quello di presentare in maniera razionale un nuovo insieme di conoscenze circa il funzionamento cerebrale in merito alle scelte di tipo economico. In particolare si vuole fare colmare una lacuna nella editoria italiana relativa a questi temi, che spesso vengono comunicati in maniera imprecisa e scandalistica dai giornali e dai mass media.
Dreaming is the cognitive kingdom uniquely skilled by means of people and crucial to our creativity, the survival attribute that permits for the quick swap and innovation that defines our species and gives the root for our paintings, philosophy, technological know-how, and humanity. but there's little empiric or medical facts assisting the widely accredited dream-based theories of neuroconsciousness.
This booklet reports the growth made in Europe during the last decade within the box of Cognitive Neuroscience and issues out recommendations for the long run.
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Additional info for Applied Neuropsychology of Attention: Theory, Diagnosis and Rehabilitation
These resources are limited (Norman and Bobrow, 1975). Their exploitation or consumption will be a function of the degree of investment, motivation and effort (Kahneman, 1973) deployed by the subject. These resources can be distributed, allocated differently according to the constraints of the situation or the task instructions. Task demands in terms of consumption of available resources are deﬁned by the notion of workload. A subject’s performance in double tasks will depend on either the available 26 Theory resources (resources-limited) or the quality of inputs (data-limited) (Norman and Bobrow, 1975).
Referring to the spotlight analogy, one would expect that the attentional focalization on the intermediate circle would facilitate at the same time the detection of targets appearing in the region delimited by the central circle. If the RT slow-down linked to the attentional focalization depends on the whole area on which the attentional beam is focused, one can predict that the performance will be better when the target appears in the central circle rather than in the external circle. In fact, the results obtained do bear in this out.
Subjects had to emit a sequence of responses by triggering different buttons arranged according to the sequence of presentation of luminous ﬂashes. In subjects little familiarized with this task, RT depended on the number of ﬂashes to which they had to react; on the other hand, after a long practice (more than 75,000 trials over 200 sessions), the response became independent of the number of ﬂashes. As noted by Hirst (1986): ‘Instead of responding to each light, subjects now saw the pattern of lights as a unit and responded with a unitary, integrated action’ (p.