By Kenneth K. Kuo, Ragini Acharya(auth.)
A hands-on, built-in method of fixing combustion difficulties in assorted parts
An realizing of turbulence, combustion, and multiphase reacting flows is key for engineers and scientists in lots of industries, together with strength genera-tion, jet and rocket propulsion, toxins keep watch over, fireplace prevention and security, and fabric processing. This publication bargains a hugely useful dialogue of burning habit and chemical tactics taking place in assorted fabrics, arming readers with the instruments they should resolve the main advanced combustion difficulties dealing with the medical neighborhood this day. the second one of a two-volume paintings, functions of Turbulent and Multiphase Combustion expands on themes related to laminar flames from Professor Kuo's bestselling ebook ideas of Combustion, moment version, then builds upon the speculation mentioned within the spouse quantity basics of Turbulent and Multiphase Combustion to deal with intimately state of the art experimental ideas and purposes no longer coated anyplace else.
Special positive factors of this e-book contain:
Coverage of complicated functions corresponding to good propellants, burning habit, and chemical boundary layer flows
A multiphase structures process discussing easy recommendations earlier than relocating to higher-level functions
A huge variety of functional examples gleaned from the authors' event in addition to difficulties and a recommendations manual
Engineers and researchers in chemical and mechanical engineering and fabrics technological know-how will locate purposes of Turbulent and Multiphase Combustion an fundamental advisor for upgrading their abilities and maintaining with this swiftly evolving zone. it's also a good source for college students and pros in mechanical, chemical, and aerospace engineering.Content:
Chapter 1 sturdy Propellants and their Combustion features (pages 1–71):
Chapter 2 Thermal Decomposition and Combustion of Nitramines (pages 72–142):
Chapter three Burning habit of Homogeneous sturdy Propellants (pages 143–208):
Chapter four Chemically Reacting Boundary?Layer Flows (pages 209–329):
Chapter five Ignition and Combustion of unmarried vigorous stable debris (pages 330–455):
Chapter 6 Combustion of strong debris in Multiphase Flows (pages 456–506):
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Extra info for Applications of Turbulent and Multiphase Combustion
The thermal decomposition of ADN was studied by Brill et al. (1993) by using T-jump/FTIR spectroscopy with fast heating (2,000 K/s) of thin ﬁlms on a platinum ribbon to a speciﬁed constant temperature between 220◦ and 300◦ C. Brill et al. R4) At the onset of decomposition, gas evolution and sharp exothermicity occurred. The initial species observed were NH3 , HNO3 , and N2 O in comparable amounts and a small amount of NO2 and ammonium nitrate (AN, chemical formula: NH4 NO3 ). R6) BACKGROUND OF SOLID PROPELLANT COMBUSTION 37 Brill et al.
13) The reaction zone thickness is given as δﬂame = xf − xi . 16) 0 where δ is the Dirac-delta function. 15. One can obtain an explicit expression for the solid propellant burning rate. 19. 25) Substituting Equations. 28) rb = apn where a usually is a function of the initial temperature Ti . This equation is valid only when the gas cross-ﬂow velocity over the propellant surface is low enough so that shear-induced effects on the burning rate can be ignored. In the case of high-velocity ﬂow of combustion gases over the burning propellant surface, a different equation must be used to include the erosive burning effect.
1999b). 4% of the theoretical maximum density [TMD]) have been measured by several researchers, including Boggs (1970) and Atwood et al. (1999a). 21. 6 MPa, which was attributed to unstable burning behavior reported by Boggs (1970) and not due to convective cooling. 6 MPa, the combustion process becomes more stable because of the dominance of gaseous species and gas-phase reactions. For this reason, the burning rate of AP again increases with pressure and shows a higher pressure exponent than the 32 SOLID PROPELLANTS AND THEIR COMBUSTION CHARACTERISTICS 1000 Burning rate, rb [mm/s] Boggs  Friedman et al.