A Trial Separation: Australia And the Decolonisation of by Donald Denoon

By Donald Denoon

Whilst it got here in September 1975, Papua New Guinea’s independence used to be marked through either anxiousness and elation. within the euphoric aftermath, decolonisation was once declared a triumph and instant occasions looked as if it would justify that self assurance. by means of the Nineteen Nineties, even though, occasions had taken a flip for the more severe and there have been doubts concerning the capability of the kingdom to operate. earlier than independence, Papua New Guinea was once an Australian Territory. accountability lay with a minister in Canberra and prone have been supplied via Commonwealth organizations. In 1973, top Minister Gough Whitlam declared that independence can be accomplished inside of years. whereas Australians have been united of their wish to decolonise, many Papua New Guineans have been fearful of independence. This superlative historical past provides the entire tale of the ‘trial separation’ of Australia and Papua New Guinea, concluding that — given the intertwined heritage, geography and economies of the 2 neighbours — the decolonisation venture of ‘independence’ continues to be a piece in development.

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Extra resources for A Trial Separation: Australia And the Decolonisation of Papua New Guinea

Sample text

Their relaxation was no joyride either: the War Memorial, the American Embassy, the New Guinea Association, the Canberra Club and Rotary. They spent three days in the Snowy Mountains, an evening with the Queanbeyan Council, and a day with a shire council. They did no shopping. The Australia they saw was the Australia the Minister selected for them to see — and emulate. Hasluck had little interest in party politics (see below) and his tour program was heavily weighted towards government, mainly the formal and even ritual elements of governing.

There was more obvious consistency in Hasluck’s demand that the Territory’s destiny was singular. To knit its peoples into one community and one polity required ‘even development’ so as to equalise economic conditions and opportunities. ’20 A peculiarity of this submission was the importance attributed to the UN. Australia reported to the Trusteeship Committee of the Security Council in respect of New Guinea (but not for Papua). The Trusteeship Committee sent a mission every three years. These friendly meetings usually proposed minor reforms, but, in 1960, the UN General Assembly created a parallel Decolonisation Committee (the Committee of 24) to help dismantle all colonial relationships.

A 452 62/1850, Political Education of Native Leaders, Hasluck’s minute of May 22, 1962. 5. , Newby to DCs, October 24, 1962; and Newby to party members, November 19, 1962, and responses gradually petering out by the middle of 1963. 6. I use the term ‘Department of Territories’ throughout, although it often had other names, such as the Department of External Territories. 7. Paul Hasluck, A Time for Building: Australian Administration in Papua and New Guinea 1951-1963, Melbourne University Press, 1976, p.

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