A history of English Utilitarianism by Ernest Albee

By Ernest Albee

Show description

Read or Download A history of English Utilitarianism PDF

Best history & surveys books

Studies in Pessimism

CONTENTSOn the Sufferings of the WorldOn the conceit of ExistenceOn SuicideImmortality: A DialoguePsychological ObservationsOn EducationOf WomenOn NoiseA Few Parables

Malebranche's Theory of the Soul: A Cartesian Interpretation

This booklet bargains a provocative interpretation of the idea of the soul within the writings of the French Cartesian, Nicolas Malebranche (1638-1715). even though contemporary paintings on Malebranche's philosophy of brain has tended to stress his account of principles, Schmaltz focuses really on his rejection of Descartes' doctrine that the brain is best identified than the physique.

The New Patricians: An Essay on Values and Consciousness

Patricians and plebians; the plebeianization of fact; the dwellers in other places; battlegrounds; victors; the recent patricians.

Extra resources for A history of English Utilitarianism

Example text

In treating of obligation, the author sometimes uses lan­ guage which might suggest determinism. It is to be remem­ bered, however, that he is an uncompromising libertarian— so far, at least, as it is possible to define the position of one so little given to metaphysical speculation or the precise use of metaphysical language. By the “necessity” and “immutability” of the Laws of Nature, he simply means that, if certain acts are performed, certain consequences will necessarily ensue, now and always.

Cumberland pronounces em­ phatically against this view. , he is guilty of libel against human nature. ” 69 The compact would avail nothing, unless there were something in human nature that would make men abide by their promises. Cumberland might have added that Hobbes is not at liberty to make any ultimate appeal to reason in the matter—even as showing what is for the individual's selfish interest—for men learn what is “good” for them, as well as what is “right,” from the powers that be. Hobbes had regarded the instinct of self-preservation, if not the conscious seeking of one’s own pleasure, as the fun­ damental spring of human action.

As regards the mind, he says: “To the mind we ascribe Understanding and Will; to the Understanding we re­ duce Apprehending, Comparing, Judging, Reasoning, a Meth­ odical Disposition, and the Memory of all these things, and of the objects about which they are conversant. ” ** Such details are merely preliminary, and we shall now ask what is meant by “Right Reason,” an expression which is constantly recurring in the treatise. Hobbes had practically denied that there was any such faculty in man. In Cumber­ land’s system, on the other hand, Right Reason plays an im­ portant, if a somewhat Protean part.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.93 of 5 – based on 24 votes